Friday, 22 March 2013

An Overview of Genital Herpes

Genital herpes is a contagious disease that infects millions of people around us. The herpes simplex virus is the carrier of the disease and can be transmitted through direct skin contact.

Genital herpes is a disease that is extremely infectious and very common. Genital herpes is easily transmitted from one individual to another through sexual activity between two people. When a person has genital herpes, the occurrence of blisters and small skin ulcers on the area around the genitals of both women and men is among the symptoms of this disease. Genital herpes is not curable but it can be controlled.

Genital herpes is highly widespread across the United States due to its contagious characteristic. People with genital herpes can transfer the disease even if they are not experiencing any symptoms of being infected.

About 50 million Americans have genital herpes infection and about one million are having new infections every year. About 80%-90% of the infected individuals doesn't have any symptoms at all or have failed to identify the symptoms of genital herpes.

Genital herpes infection has its highest rate among the poor people of the country especially those who have less education, who are cocaine user, and individuals who have lots of sexual partner.

The virus that causes genital herpes is known as the herpes simplex virus, which has two types - HSV-1 and HSV-2. HSV-2 is the type that causes genital herpes while HSV-1 is the type that causes fever blisters. These fever blisters are usually found within the mouth area of the infected person and can be transferred to another person through a simple kiss.

Through oral-genital sexual contact, HSV-1 can also be a cause of genital herpes but this happens less. The appearance of the sores on the genital area that are caused by these two types of viruses is exactly the same and cannot be distinguished from one another.The common way that genital herpes can be transferred to another person is through direct contact like oral sex and sexual intercourse with an infected partner. Other kinds of skin-to-skin contact will also enable virus transmission to another person.

Those individuals who don't have any idea that they have genital herpes infection can also spread the disease. Studies have shown that people with genital herpes can still spread the disease to others even if they don't have any sores or the disease is inactive in their bodies. For those individuals who have experienced their first genital herpes outbreak, they will never be able to forget their experience. But there are also about 90% of infected individuals who didn't experience any symptoms or have not recognized the symptoms to be genital herpes. Whatever it may be that these individuals are experiencing, always keep in mind that genital herpes is really contagious and succeeding outbreaks will always follow through.

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