Genital herpes is not curable but there are medications available to treat its symptoms during an outbreak. A genital herpes outbreak begins with itching until blisters will appear. A visit to the doctor is recommended for proper treatment of the symptoms of genital herpes.
Genital herpes can be transmitted easily from one person to another through any kind of sexual activity. The first three to seven days is called the incubation period after a person is exposed to the herpes simplex virus. After that period, a lesion will usually develop.
When a genital herpes outbreak begins, one can feel a tingling sensation or itching. Skin redness usually follows then a blister will be form. These blisters, and the ulcers that are formed as the blisters break, are very painful when touched. This painful period will last from one to two weeks. From the start of the itchy feeling up to the complete healing of the ulcers, the herpes simplex virus will become very contagious.
When a person is having multiple painful blisters in the sexually exposed area, that person is suspected of having contracted genital herpes. It is recommended that a genital herpes test must be done. To have a reliable test result for genital herpes, a sample from a fluid-filled blister must be taken before the blister dries up. If the sample has a positive result for herpes, it is concluded that that person acquired genital herpes infection. This also determines that the herpes simplex virus is active in that person's body.
There is no known cure for genital herpes, but there are treatments available when a genital herpes outbreak occurs. Acyclovir, famciclovir, and valacyclovir are oral medications used in the treatment of genital herpes outbreak. These medications are used to prevent the herpes simplex virus from multiplying. These medications can also shorten the period of the eruption of the blisters.
There are medications that are topical agents meaning the medicine is applied directly on the lesions and blisters but these medications are less effective. Oral medications are more effective as well as the intravenous type of the said medications. These medications are not used to cure genital herpes. They are used only to reduce to pain, severity, and duration of genital herpes outbreaks.
For people who experience more than six genital herpes outbreaks in a year, a suppressive therapy must done. This is to prevent the frequent recurrences of genital herpes outbreaks.
During a genital herpes outbreak, the herpes can be spread from one part of your body to another. After touching the blisters or ulcers, it is very important to always wash your hands to prevent the spread of herpes. Sharing of clothes must be avoided. If a partner is infected with genital herpes, using condoms will minimize the risk of transmission.
During a genital herpes outbreak, sexual activities like kissing should be avoided. When a woman is pregnant, it is important to visit her doctor if she is suspected of having a genital herpes.